Vietnam sets a roadmap to abandon internal combustion engine vehicles and use 100% electric vehicles

From 2040, Vietnam will limit the production and import of cars and motorbikes using fossil fuels, and by 2050, 100% of cars and motorbikes will be electric vehicles using green energy. Thus, Vietnam’s ambition to limit and “break with” internal combustion engine vehicles will take place 5 to 15 years after EU and US countries.

Under the authorization of the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister Le Van Thanh has just signed and promulgated Decision 876/QD-TTg 2022 Green energy conversion program, reducing carbon and methane emissions of the transport sector. transportation.

The Government’s goal is to electrify the transportation sector, including all roads, railways, inland waterways, maritime and air routes.

With roads, in the period 2022-2030, Vietnam prioritizes promoting, manufacturing, assembling, importing and converting to use electric road vehicles, developing electric charging infrastructure. , encourage bus stations and stops to convert according to green criteria.

In the period 2031-2050, by 2040, Vietnam will gradually limit and eventually stop the production, assembly, and import of cars, motorbikes, and mopeds that use fossil fuels for domestic use.

By 2050, 100% of road motor vehicles such as cars and motorbikes participating in traffic must convert to using electricity and green energy.

All types of railways, inland waterways, maritime and aviation are all due to convert their vehicles to using electricity and green energy by 2050. Particularly for aviation, by 2050 it is necessary to convert to using 100% green energy and sustainable aviation fuel for aircraft to minimize greenhouse emissions. Depending on technological conditions, the remaining emissions are realized by carbon offsetting to achieve “zero” net emissions.

Regarding public transport, the Government has set the ambition to electrify sooner, in which by 2025, 100% of buses will be replaced and new buses will use electricity and green energy.

By 2030, the proportion of vehicles using electricity and green energy will reach at least 50%, 100% of replacement taxis and new investments must use electricity and green energy. By 2050, 100% of buses and taxis will use electricity and green energy.

The goal of electrifying and greening fuel for cars in Vietnam is also consistent with the Vietnamese Government’s commitments on net zero emissions by 2050 that the Government committed to the international community. Specifically, at the 26th Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP26), for the first time, Vietnam committed to developing and implementing measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to achieve net zero emissions (referred to as Net Zero) by 2050.

Currently, electric vehicles and hydrogen vehicles have been formed and become popular in many countries around the world. European countries have an earlier roadmap. In 2035, internal combustion engine vehicles will be banned from circulation in EU countries. Many countries such as Belgium, Denmark, Ireland, and Germany plan to implement this roadmap soon. than in the year. Other car manufacturing powers such as Japan, China, and the US also plan to ban internal combustion engine vehicles from 2035 onwards.

Currently, most major car manufacturers in the world have realized their ambition to convert to producing electric and green cars instead of internal combustion engine cars. Germany, France, America, China and Japan are where electric vehicles have been most researched and applied. Major car manufacturers such as BMW, Audi, Mercedes, Toyota, Honda, Ford… have all put electric cars into production. In Southeast Asia, Thailand is the country that set the ambition to cut off internal combustion engine vehicles very early in 2035.

In Vietnam, VinFast has converted to electric vehicle production from 2021 and converted to 100% electric vehicles from 2022 onwards. This is the first car company in Vietnam to produce, assemble and bring electric vehicles on an industrial scale.

Vietnam’s biggest challenge in electrifying transportation in general and electric cars in particular is the resources to install charging stations and battery fuel, chips, semiconductors… These are the fuels that Vietnam The South depends largely on imports. Currently, domestically assembled car manufacturers such as Honda, Toyota, Truong Hai and Thanh Cong still have no specific plans to convert to electric vehicles.

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